Operation Exodus: The Snowden Accompaniment Flytilla to Political Asylum in Venezuela
On Friday, Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro announced that Venezuela would offer political asylum to NSA whistle-blower Edward Snowden.
Regardless of what happens next, President Maduro's announcement was world-historical. With his announcement, Maduro has invited Americans to live in a new world: a "multi-polar" world in which the U.S. government's power is limited, not by a single "superpower adversary," but by the actions of many independent countries which are not U.S. "adversaries"; countries which agree with the U.S. on some things and disagree with the U.S. on other things, as is their right; countries which do not always accede to U.S. demands, as is their right. The day after Snowden claims political asylum in Venezuela, the U.S. and Venezuela will continue their robust economic trade; in particular, Venezuela will continue to be one of the top four suppliers of foreign oil to the United States.
It's a general constant in human affairs that no-one likes to be told that they have too much power for the general welfare. Nonetheless, we're all capable, when we want, of seeing things from the other guy's point of view.
And from the point of view of most people in the world, it's not a good thing for the United States to have too much power in world affairs; from the point of view of most people in the world, it's not a good thing for any one country to have too much power in world affairs.
The limiting of U.S. power is no reason for Americans to panic: we're going to be fine. The day after Snowden claims political asylum in Venezuela, we'll still be responsible for a fifth of the world economy; we'll still have an absurdly huge military; we'll still have a veto on the U.N. Security Council. We'll still be able to go to sleep peacefully in the knowledge that no-one's going to be invading or occupying us any time in any future that we can see - something that, unfortunately and unjustly, many people in the world still cannot do.
Obviously, the U.S. government has a claim on Mr. Snowden. He was a U.S. government employee, and as such signed agreements about not disclosing classified information.
But it's just as obvious that there are important, competing claims to the U.S. government claim; and if these competing claims trump the U.S. government claim on Mr. Snowden in this case, most Americans will be better off.
One important competing claim to the U.S. government claim is the internationally-recognized right of political asylum. As Amnesty International noted last week:
The US authorities' relentless campaign to hunt down and block whistleblower Edward Snowden's attempts to seek asylum is deplorable and amounts to a gross violation of his human rights...
"The US attempts to pressure governments to block Snowden's attempts to seek asylum are deplorable," said Michael Bochenek, Director of Law and Policy at Amnesty International. "It is his unassailable right, enshrined in international law, to claim asylum and this should not be impeded."
Another important competing claim to the U.S. government claim is the public interest in protecting whistle-blowers, especially national security whistle-blowers. As Human Rights Watch noted last week:
The law often criminalizes the disclosure of secrets by employees or agents of a government. But international law recognizes that revealing official secrets is sometimes justified in the public interest. In particular it may be necessary to expose and protect against serious human rights violations, including overreaching or unjustifiable surveillance. International principles on national security whistleblowers outline various circumstances under which governments should protect people from punishment if they disclose information of public concern.
US whistleblower protections fall far short of these standards for people who disclose abuse in the national security arena. US law simply does not provide national security whistleblowers with adequate protection from retaliation or punishment for disclosures in the public interest.
Snowden, a former National Security Agency consultant, faces various charges in US federal court, some of which could carry lengthy prison sentences. These include charges under the antiquated US Espionage Act. The US government has interpreted this vague statute in ways that are inconsistent with international human rights law, providing no exceptions or adequate defenses for whistleblowers who disclose matters of serious public import.
As Human Rights Watch suggested, the public interest in protecting whistle-blowers trumps the government interest in protecting state secrets in this case.
So, in acting to protect Snowden, Venezuela did most Americans a good service, and we Americans owe Venezuela a debt of gratitude, as Michael Moore noted.
But in the wake of Venezuela's announcement, many people have a practical question: how could Snowden physically get from the Moscow airport to political asylum in Venezuela, given that, apparently acting on U.S. instructions, Spain, France, and Portugal blocked the plane of Bolivian President Evo Morales on suspicion that Snowden was on board?
This is something that a few hundred American peace activists could do something decisive about.
You may have heard the word "flytilla" before. It comes from Palestine. It refers to efforts of international peace activists to challenge the Israeli government's control over international travel to the West Bank, by flying in to Tel Aviv and publicly declaring that they intend to participate in solidarity activities with Palestinians in the West Bank living under Israeli occupation.
The word "flytilla" is of course derivative from the word "flotilla," which has referred to efforts to break the Israeli-Egyptian blockade of Gaza by sailing into Gaza's port from the Mediterranean in defiance of the blockade. Now, as you may know, there is a project called Gaza's Ark to defy the blockade by sailing from Gaza's port to the Mediterranean, carrying Palestinian goods for export, in defiance of the Israeli-Egyptian blockade on these goods.
A Snowden accompaniment flotilla of prominent and peace-loving Americans could assemble at the Moscow airport, and fly together from Moscow to Caracas. Snowden could fly from Moscow to Caracas under the protection of our company, like the Fellowship of the Ring.
If we fill the plane and pay for it, we can pick the plane's flight path. Memo: the plane will not pass over Europe.
Of course, there remains the theoretical possibility that the U.S. Air Force could try to force the plane down in international airspace.
But we have two protections against this.
One protection is that President Obama promised he was not going to be "scrambling jets to get a 29-year-old hacker."
And the other protection is the political protection of the presence of prominent Americans on board the plane. I voted for President Obama twice, gave his campaign money, made phone calls, knocked on doors in Indiana. Is President Obama going to shoot me down? I double dog dare him.
The participants in the flytilla could look like this. Many prominent Americans - backed by 26,000 other (mostly) Americans - signed a letter to Ecuador's President Rafael Correa, urging him to grant Snowden's request for political asylum. We wrote to President Correa because we thought that's where Snowden was headed; if we had known that Venezuela would turn out to be the more likely destination, we would have written to President Maduro instead. I know personally many of the people who signed this letter, and I don't doubt for a moment their willingness to follow words with deeds. In particular, Oliver Stone, Michael Moore, Naomi Klein, Noam Chomsky, Daniel Ellsberg, Tom Hayden and Danny Glover signed this letter. Maybe Uncle Noam and Grandpa Dan are getting a little long in the tooth for international travel adventures. But Oliver, Michael, Naomi, Tom and Danny are traveling the world all the time. (Some pedant will say: but Naomi is Canadian! Whatever! Her parents are American; that's close enough.)
If you would like to ride in the Snowden accompaniment flytilla, please note it in the comments. And please note any special gifts you have to offer, like owning a plane or being licensed to fly one.
Robert Naiman is Policy Director at Just Foreign Policy.